A contribution to the systematics of stochastic volatility models

We compare systematically several classes of stochastic volatility models of stock market fluctuations. We show that the long-time return distribution is either Gaussian or develops a power-law tail, while the short-time return distribution has generically a stretched-exponential form, but can as… sume also an algebraic decay, in the family of models which we call “GARCH''-type. The intermediate regime is found in the exponential Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. We calculate also the decay of the autocorrelation function of volatility.